Traumatic posterior fossa extradural hematoma A comprehensive analysis of cases from a tertiary care centre in Southwestern Rajasthan

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Vibhu Shankar Parashar
Vivek Kumar Kankane
Gaurav Jaiswal
Tarun Kumar Gupta

Abstract

Background. Extradural hematoma of posterior fossa (PFEDH) is less common and there are not many articles about PFEDH. These patients can deteriorate very rapidly due to compression over brainstem. Thus, early identification and immediate intervention can save the lives of these patients.
Objective. This study aims to conduct a comprehensive analysis of patients with PFEDH and evaluate the postoperative outcome which may be of help to make further preventive strategies.
Methods and Materials. The study included 16 patients admitted with traumatic PFEDH from July 2016 to July 2018 at R.N.T. Medical College & M.B. Groups of Hospital Udaipur, southwestern Rajasthan, India. We have retrospectively reviewed the data. Analysed factors were gender, age, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Noncontrast CT scan findings, associated brain injury, type of intervention, Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). GOS was assessed at discharge, at 3 months and 6 months follow-up.
Results. Out of a total of 16 patients, 11 were male and 5 were female with age ranging from 05-46 years. 12 patients had GCS 13 -15 at admission and only one of them had GCS < 8. 15 patients underwent surgical intervention. At 6 months follow-up, 12 patients had good recovery GOS is 5.
Conclusion. Early detection and immediate evacuation of PFEDHs should be done if causing fourth ventricle, basal cistern or brain stem compression. It may be rapidly fatal due to the expansion of hematoma leading to brainstem compression, tonsillar herniation, and/or obstructive hydrocephalus. Early detection and immediate evacuation lead to a better outcome in these patients.

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How to Cite
Parashar, V., Kankane, V., Jaiswal, G., & Gupta, T. (2019). Traumatic posterior fossa extradural hematoma. Romanian Neurosurgery, 33(2), 160-165. https://doi.org/10.33962/roneuro-2019-030
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Author Biographies

Vibhu Shankar Parashar

Department of Neurosurgery, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College & M.B. Groups of Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Vivek Kumar Kankane

Department of Neurosurgery, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College & M.B. Groups of Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Gaurav Jaiswal

Department of Neurosurgery, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College & M.B. Groups of Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Tarun Kumar Gupta

Department of Neurosurgery, Rabindra Nath Tagore Medical College & M.B. Groups of Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India