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Vol. XXXV, No. 2 (June 2021)

The use of corticosteroids in autoimmune encephalitis: Basic and clinical considerations



Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a brain inflammation caused by autoantibodies that target proteins, intracellular and extracellular antigens, triggering damage in the CNS; AE is classified in various syndromes caused by various antibodies, It is a diagnosis of exclusion. Therefore, it has to be differentiated from multiple causes that could unleash encephalitis. However, its treatment is based primarily on immunotherapy, where corticosteroids as immunosuppressive agents, play a key role in the treatment along with other agents.