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Objectives: To share our experience, challenges faced, lessons learnt and analyze the results of surgical management by microsurgical clipping of intracranial aneurysms at an emerging neurosurgical centre at Guru Gobind Singh medical college and hospital (GGSMC&H) Faridkot, Punjab. India.
Material and Methods: This study includes all the patients who presented with the diagnosis of intracranial aneurysm on CT angiography and were treated with the microsurgical clipping, between March 2017 to April 2019.
Results: There was a total of 23 patients 11female and 12 male. Age range 32 to 85years. On admission 22 patients had SAH on CT scan and one was admitted after incidental detection of the aneurysm without SAH. The time interval between ictus and admission was 0-3 days in 13 patients, 3-14 days in 8 patients and more than 14 days in 1 patient. WFNS grade (gd) I-15 patients, gd II-2, gd III-2, gd IV-3 patients. Fisher gd I-nil, gd II-9, gd III-4, gd IV-9 patients. In 23 patients 27 Aneurysms were clipped. Distribution of location was Anterior Communicating-12, Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery- 4, Middle cerebral artery (MCA) Bifurcation-3, MCA trifurcation-1, Anterior Choroidal-1, Posterior Communicating (P-com) -1, Ophthalmic Internal Carotid Artery (OICA)-4 and three patients had associated multiple aneurysms. Size of aneurysms varied from < 02mm diameter in 2 patients, 2-25mm - 23 and, more than 25mm-2 aneurysms. There was intra op rupture in 2 cases. Post-operatively 2 patients developed hemiparesis, which recovered, nine patients developed vasospasm. Two patients developed chest related complications. One patient developed renal failure. There were 8 deaths. Patients are on follow up since March 2017 till date.
Conclusions: Intracranial aneurysms are challenging to manage due to their proximity to vital intracranial structures, and difficulty in securing intracranial proximal control. Thorough knowledge of intracranial anatomy of adjacent relations, arachnoid planes and skilful dissection is a key element for a successful outcome. Data collected from GGSMC & Hospital may not be representative of the entire state or country’s population. Therefore, a large-scale data collection is necessary to create our own database to ascertain the risk factors and preventive measures that are exclusive to our state and nation.