Main Article Content
Background. Paraclinoid aneurysm is a nonspecific term that includes ophthalmic segment aneurysms and distal cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. The literature mostly described the frequency to be in the range of 1.3-5%. and a high incidence of being multiple or having a large size.
Methods. A retrospective review of 18 consecutive patients surgically treated for paraclinoid aneurysm was performed. The data of all our consecutive patients were searched to obtain patient and aneurysm characteristics, treatment details, complications and follow up. Clinical outcome was graded according to the modified Rankin scale. The follow-up period varied widely from 3 to 62 months (mean 26 months).
Results. Surgical clipping was performed for 15 ruptured paraclinoid aneurysms; only in 3 cases the aneurysm was unruptured. Post-operative control angiography was performed in 10 patients (55.56%), from which we reported a full occlusion of the aneurysm in 9 patients (90%). Best results were obtained in patients who preoperatively were included in 1st and 2nd grade of Hunt & Hess scale. Two months postoperative follow-up was complete for all but one patient who died 12 days after surgery, from cerebral ischemia resulting from severe cerebral vasospasm. There were excellent and good results (mRS 0–2) in 88% of the cases (15 out of 17 patients) at two months follow-up, and 94% (16 out of 17 patients) at six months follow-up. Three patients with slight disabilities, ranked mRS 1-2 at two months follow-up, improved to mRS 0, with no symptoms at all, at 6 months postoperative control. All 3 patients with a surgically treated non-ruptured paraclinoid aneurysm had an excellent outcome (mRS 0).
Conclusions. Most appropriate treatment is to occlude aneurysms without compromising patency of the parent artery. Anterior clinoidectomy and microsurgical clipping can still be a standard treatment despite of recent development of endovascular coiling procedures.