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Endovascular treatment is a safe and efficient therapy for intracranial aneurysms with lower complication and mortality rates compared to surgical clipping. Wide-neck aneurysms still represent a challenge to complete and safe aneurysm occlusion in spite of techniques such as stent-assisted or balloon-assisted coiling, developed in order to achieve better occlusion rates. These techniques themselves may lead to further complications, so alternative methods such as the dual microcatheter technique were developed. This technique assumes that, via two microcatheters inserted into an aneurysm, simultaneous deployment of two coils achieves a stable coil frame without the use of adjunctive devices. The aim of this paper is to present a successfully treated basilar tip wide-neck aneurysm treated with the dual microcatheter technique.
Case report. A 46-year-old male patient with acute onset of severe headache presented in the emergency room with altered state of consciousness. Non-enhanced CT scan showed subarachnoid and intraventricular haemorrhage. CT angiography revealed a wide-neck basilar tip aneurysm. Digital subtraction angiography confirmed the presence of an aneurysm with a wide, 4.9 mm neck.
Dual microcatheter technique was chosen as the first treatment option, while a hypercompliant balloon was kept as backup. Two microcatheters were placed inside de aneurysm and two coils were introduced in order to form a stable framing coil mass that served as a support for further coils deployed in an alternately manner through each microcatheter. No procedural complication occurred, and the patient’s evolution was uneventful with no neurological deficits at discharge.
Conclusion. The dual microcatheter technique is a safe and effective therapeutic option for wide-neck ruptured or unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Periprocedural complication rates are similar to simple coiling or balloon-assisted coiling, but lower than for stent-assisted coiling.