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Introduction: Severe head injury (SHI) is associated with a high mortality and morbidity rate and is one of the leading causes of death in intensive care units. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of hospital outcome and mortality in ICU admitted SHI patients and to estimate their impact.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried on patients (n=321) with a severe head injury, defined as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ? 8 who were admitted to the ICU neurosurgical department of National Trauma Center from 2017 to 2018. Both clinical and radiological predictors of hospitalized patients were identified.
Results: Total mortality rate was 5.9%. 243 (75.7%) of the patients were male and 78 (24.3%) were female. 55 % of cases were due to traffic accidents. Patients Middle Ages group was 60%. Coexisting injuries, found in 25% of the patients aggravated the prognosis. Blood grouping pattern in SHI were B+, A+ and O+ 36.1, 28 and 24.3% respectively.45% of the patients had Tattoo which was aggravating factors. The outcome is highly correlated with GCS’ values. CT scan findings revealed that patients with subdural hygroma after few days of admission CT scan which was very important prognostic factors in SHI.
Conclusions: SHI has high mortality and morbidity in today world as it has a high negative impact on young people, especially men with blood group B+. The age of the patient, presence of Tattoo, GCS at admission, the CT scanning at admission and CT scanning after a week of admission were significant predictors of outcome.