International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences <p>Call for Papers -&nbsp;Vol. 8, No. 3 (December 2019)<br>Submission Deadline: September 30, 2019</p> London Academic Publishing en-US International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences 2325-775X Components and Process of Identity Formation in Model of the Authorship of Own Lives in People with Disabilities <p>The subject of this article consistently develops the authorship of own lives in people with disabilities concept. With reference to the strategic framework (contextualism and systemness in particular), it constructs an AOL-PwD model. The model presents identity as a constitutive area in understanding the authorship of their own lives in people with disabilities. The AOL-PwD model is composed of three interrelated elements: (1) authorship aspects, (2) identity components, and (3) process links. The article proposes important theses that chart direction for research. It suggests that identity is a fundamental category in exploring the AOL-PwD. The authorship of their own lives in people with disabilities is a dynamic category. As a result of AOL-PwD formation, the individual achieves a given authorship status: achieved, foreclosed, diffused, or moratorium status. The identity status achieved determines the way people with disabilities perceive their authorship life aspects. Developmental dynamics and specific identity and life authorship statuses being acquired suggest that it is necessary to redefine these areas of people's functioning on a regular basis. We believe that a consistent implementation of the concept will provide an inspiring theoretical and empirical space for multidimensional explorations of the phenomenon of disability in light of normalization, humanities, and affirmation. The article also charts direction for further research, which will include, among others, qualitative research to verify the AOL-PwD model, then measurement tools will be developed, and a comprehensive assessment of people with different disabilities identifying AOL-PwD determinants will be conducted.</p> Joanna Głodkowska Marta Pągowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 7 20 Change in Approach to Problem of Autism Spectrum Disorders <p>Understanding a whole person is said to be the most difficult challenge of social, humanistic, medical and other sciences. It especially concerns the issue of understanding unique individuals, those perceived as different, non–standard (in any meaning of this word), uncommunicative or strange way by the majority of people. To understand these individuals, one can describe them, define them or penetrate their problems which could be effective only via inclusion. In case of individuals with ASD, due to remarkable progress in recent research, which evolved from exclusion, determining patterns and labelling towards an approach of finding common features and approaching individuals with ASD in a holistic way. A number of notable people with ASD are known in history. They fought for their rights and dignity. These people highlighted how important social development is and proved the working power of inclusion. Nowadays, we should listen to this group of citizens and research subjects so commonly excluded from society. There is a plethora of opportunities to learn about autism and try to understand ASD individuals who can teach researchers about their problems.</p> Jacek Błeszyński ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 21 28 Disability in the Arab World <p>The phenomena of disabilities in the Arab world can be viewed from various perspectives, considering historical times, epistemological programmes and theoretical models. This article is a theoretical review and comparative data analysis of the problems regarding the evolution of attitudes and current concept of disability and theoretical assumptions of caring for disabled people in the Arab world. Content of the theoretical part of the paper includes reasons for caring for disabled Arabs, including: analysis of human orientation aspects, social orientation, equality of opportunity and principles of democracy orientation and human development orientation. In the second part of the article the authors discuss empirical comparative data related to disability in the Arab world as: various causes of congenital or acquired disabilities, including culturally bounded causes of disabilities in the Arab world, related to marriages in close families and marriages of underage girls. The paper illustrates key aspects of conceptualization of disabilities in the Arab countries and gives a comparative analysis of the latest data on the situation of children with disabilities in education sectors and adults in the labour market. This part of comparative analysis broadly refers to the primary data from the Arab countries published as research report in 2018 by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia. The report is entitled "Disability in the Arab Region".</p> Mourad Ali Eissa Saad Beata Borowska-Beszta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 29 47 Effectiveness of a Pivotal Response Training Programme in Joint Attention and Social Interaction of Kindergarten Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder <p>The purpose of this study was to provide a training program based on pivotal response for children with autism spectrum disorder, which may affect positively on improving their joint attention and social interaction. Participants were six female children enrolled in public and private kindergartens and autism programs in Zulfi, Saudi Arabia for the second semester of the year 1435/1436 AH, who were diagnosed as having autism disorder. For data collection, Joint Attention Skills Inventory For Kindergarten Children with Autism Disorder, and Social Interaction Scale of Kindergarten Children with Autism Disorder were employed. A single group, pre-post and follow up design across participants was implemented. Six participants, data were obtained during pre, post-treatment, and at one-month follow-up. The study results showed that the pivotal response training intervention was effective in increasing joint attention skills (initiating and responding to signs, eye contact and follow the gaze of others, attract others' attention while playing, follow the instructions, Sharing feelings and emotional state and imitation) and social interaction (belonging to the group, communication, and cooperation) of all children participated in this study. Recommendations for further research were discussed.</p> Mona Tawakkul El Sayed Ebrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 48 56 Bangladeshi University Students’ Perception about Using Google Classroom for Teaching English <p>Google Classroom is an online learning platform developed by Google which enables both the teachers and learners to engage in 'beyond the classroom' learning in an innovative way. This paper focuses on the prospects of using Google classroom for learning English at the university level in Bangladesh. The prospect includes how the Bangladeshi university students think that this online tool may help them to communicate, as well as develop and organize their work to learn English effectively. Besides, this research tries to find out the challenges the learners face in terms of using Google classroom to learn English. Through this research some technical issues have been traced out which can be eradicated by Google to make Google classroom more user-friendly. Apart from that this paper also shows some challenging issues faced by the Bangladeshi learners while using Google classroom for teaching English.</p> Md. Sadequle Islam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 57 65 Comparison of Pedagogical Beliefs of English and Urdu Teachers <p>It is very essential to understand all the phenomena and circumstances running within the process of education or teaching-learning setting, some of the factors that should be considered on the top of the understanding list are pedagogical beliefs and practices of teachers. Pedagogical beliefs and practices are very much related to the tactics, ways, methods and strategies that teachers use for facing or challenging coming in their routine professional line. These are also essential for refining teaching and students’ learning atmosphere for keeping their motivation and interest up for enhanced performances. The objective of the study was to compare the pedagogical beliefs of English and Urdu teachers. In order to achieve the objectives of this study related literature was reviewed. A questionnaire on the basis of reviewed literature on five-point Likert scale i.e. 5 = Strongly Disagree, 4 = Disagree, 3 = Undecided, 2 = Strongly Agree, 1 = Agree was used for data collection. Random sampling technique was used to draw sample from the population of school teachers from all public -sector secondary schools of the Lahore. Two English and two Urdu teachers were selected randomly from each school total 660 secondary school teachers of Lahore 330 Urdu teachers and 330 English teachers were the sample of the study. Frequency and percentage and t. test used for data analysis. The study revealed that Urdu teacher had High level of pedagogical beliefs in comparison with the English teachers. Which indicates that Urdu teachers recognize themselves more proficient and comfortable in caring out of their responsibilities of teaching as compared to the English teachers. Urdu teachers felt High level of contentment and comfort in involving their students in class activities, planning better approaches to increase students’ interest, and handle complex situations in the class during teaching as compared to English teachers.</p> Namra Munir Rashid Minas Wattoo Iftikhar Ahmad Baig ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 66 72 Self-Care Management, Emotional Distress and Self- Efficacy <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of self-care management, emotional distress, self-efficacy on health-related quality of life as well as investigating the relative contribution of self-care management, emotional distress, self-efficacy to health-related quality of life among patients with type 2 diabetes. The sample was composed of 110 patients of the hospital attendants. They aged between 40 and 60 years with a mean of 49.45 and a standard deviation of 8.23. Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ, Schmitt et al., 2013 ), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS, William et al., 2005), The diabetes management self-efficacy scale (Azita and Rahim, 2014) and Quality of Life Instrument for Indian Diabetes Patients (QOLID, Jitender et al., 2010)were employed for data collection. Findings indicated that there were significant correlations between self-care management, emotional distress, self-efficacy and health-related quality of life. The independent variables (Self-Care Management, Emotional Distress and Self-Efficacy) when put together yielded a coefficient of multiple regression (R) of 0. 450 and a multiple correlation square of 0. 435.</p> Ayman Abdelgalil M. Elkady ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 73 84 Comparative Study of Self-transcendence, Spiritual Wellbeing, Optimism and Meaning in Life among Retirees and Post-retirement Employees <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the inter-correlations of self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, optimism and meaning in life. Additionally, the aim was to find out the differences in mean scores of self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, optimism and meaning in life between retirees and post-retirement employees. The sample consisted of people with Bachelor Degree. Retirees sample consisted of 60 participants (52 men, and 8 women), while post-retirement employees consisted of 60 participants (all of them were men). The Self-Transcendence Scale (STS) (Reed 2018), The Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB) (Daaleman and Frey 2004), The Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) (Scheier, Carver and Bridges, 1994) and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (Steger, Frazier, Oishi and Kaler 2006) were used. The data were analyzed with Pearson correlation. The t-test was used. Findings indicated that there were significant positive correlations between self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, optimism and meaning in life. Self-transcendence correlated positively with spiritual well-being, optimism and meaning in life. Spiritual well-being correlated positively with optimism and meaning in life. There were differences in mean scores of self-transcendence, optimism and meaning in life between retirees and post-retirement employees. However there was not difference in spiritual well-being between the two groups. Findings were discussed and conclusion was included.</p> Ayman Abdelgalil M. Elkady ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 85 94 Moral Disengagement and Parental Monitoring as Predictors of Cyberbullying among First Year Secondary School Students <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of two variables, namely, moral disengagement, parental monitoring on one outcome measure, namely, cyberbullying. Moreover, it aimed to investigate the relative contribution of moral disengagement, parental monitoring to cyberbullying among first year secondary school students in Egypt. Additionally, the aim was to find out if there were correlations between and among moral disengagement, parental monitoring and cyberbullying among first year secondary school students. A total of 140 (80 males, and 60 females) students participated in this study. They ranged in age from 15 to 16 years (<em>M </em>= 15.90, <em>SD </em>=1.03). Quantitative survey research was employed. The Cyberbullying-specific Moral Disengagement Questionnaire (CBMDQ-15) (DAY and LAZURAS (2016), Parental Monitoring Scale (Kerr, Stattin and Burk, 2010) and Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory (RCBI, Erdur-Baker and Kavsut 2007) were employed for data collection. Findings indicated that moral disengagement correlated negatively with parental monitoring. On the other hand, moral disengagement was found to be positively correlated with cyberbullying. As predicted, moral disengagement related positively and significantly to students’ cyberbullying. The two independent variables (moral disengagement, parental monitoring), as presented in table 2, when put together yielded a coefficient of multiple regression (R) of 0.631 and a multiple correlation square of 0. 626. This shows that 62.6% of the total variance in cyberbullying of those who participated in the study is accounted for by the combination of moral disengagement, parental monitoring.</p> Ahmed Thabt Fadl Ramadan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 95 103