Brolly 2019-05-03T20:40:56+00:00 Submission and general inquiries Open Journal Systems <p>Call for Papers -&nbsp;Vol. 2, No. 2 (August 2019)<br>Submission Deadline: July 25, 2019</p> How the Legacy of Leninism Still Structures the Intellectual Debate in France 2019-05-03T17:31:56+00:00 Lucien Oulahbib <p>It should be interesting to study here the moment when Louis Althusser, just before the “sixty-eight” period, poses the doctrinal return to Lenin as a precondition towards “theoretical anti-humanism”. This concept opens the way to ideas such as the “death of Man”, the ideological underpinning of trans-humanism, borderless, and transgender movements. It is necessary, therefore, to draw the theoretical path of this return, as happened to the detriment of this other model of theoretical explanation of history’s grammar, such as “social interaction” (which thinks the morphology of complex societies as a dynamic movement dialectically generated by the permanence of the so-called “social conflict”), and that it is possible institutional resolution, at least in a democratic regime.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The New Modes and Orders of Disruption: Web 3.0 and Republican Resilience 2019-05-02T10:08:35+00:00 John Maynor <p>The 2016 US Presidential election highlighted certain negative manifestations of Web 3.0 that points to sustained efforts at disruption as a political tool and a new kind of arbitrary interference aimed at undermining the prevailing culture and traditions of modern democratic nation-states. The growing importance of social media and the weaponization of big data and fake news signal that new forms of domination will be a significant challenge to democratic practices going forward. This paper explores these developments through the lens of republicanism and asks if this approach can offer an attractive way to address these threats. In particular, I argue that republicanism’s focus on minimizing domination through its alternative conception of liberty contains a certain resilient form of antipower that serves to counter some of the arbitrary interferences that have emerged in the shift from Web 2.0 to 3.0.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Rewriting the Domestic Sphere 2019-05-03T20:40:56+00:00 Lauren Elizabeth Cirina <p>This paper explores the relationship between imagined narrative and recipe writing, largely through the lens of an “embedded discourse”, a term first coined by Susan J. Leonardi, in which she accounts for the social and cultural contexts that a recipe was born out of, and thus possesses. The author examines Gertrude Stein’s “Tender Buttons” and “The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas" to demonstrate that when both texts interact with each other, a new hybrid literary style is achieved. When put in conversation with one another, these modernist works bridge the gap between past and present, between public and private spheres of authorship, and between women’s lives as they wrote them and our interpretations of the documents they left behind. Moreover, this paper will prove that recipe writing was not merely used as a mechanism for sustenance, but also as a space to depict marginalized images of love and sexuality through the practice of cooking and cookbook writing.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## J.D. Salinger’s “Hapworth 16, 1924” Republication Conundrum 2019-05-02T14:11:50+00:00 George Steven Swan <p>Announced as of 1996 was the obscure Orchises Press’s impending republication in book-form of the 1965 novella “Hapworth 16, 1924”. That novella’s progenitor was America’s reclusive yet renowned novelist and short story-author Jerome David Salinger (1919-2010). Debate erupted immediately concerning Salinger’s impulse to republish. His aims, and Salinger’s subsequent withdrawal from his republication project, plus the selection of so improbable an outlet, all have seemed baffling. The original “Hapworth” publication remained his final item published during Salinger’s lifetime. His 2013 biography by David Shields and Shane Salerno disclosed Salinger’s birth with an undescended testicle. This, they opine, poisoned his life psychologically. Fresh reviews of the republication misadventure in light of this Shields-Salerno congenital physiology-assertion tends toward a contingent vindication of their psychological speculation.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Ethical Justine and the Violent Juliette in Angela Carter’s “The Sadeian Woman: An Exercise in Cultural History” 2019-05-02T14:47:24+00:00 Wiem Krifa <p>“The Sadeian Woman: An Exercise in Cultural History” is Angela Carter’s non-fictional work. It consists of a historical and cultural analysis of Le Marquis de Sade’s "Justine or The Misfortunes of Virtue", and "Juliette or The Prosperities of Vice". The book exhibits the lives of two antithetical sisters: the virtuous Justine versus the vicious Juliette.<br>The ethical Justine strives to preserve her virtue after the death of her parents. As a reward, she submits to violence, torture, rape, and accusations. Even though the law has been unjust to Justine, she refuses to commit a transgression. With regards to Juliette, she inflicts suffering and commits violence against humanity in order to make her own fortune. She is a libertine who follows her sexual and material gain at the expense of ethics.<br>Contrary to Justine, who is a martyrized female, Juliette is the source of all criminal acts. She does not submit to the law. She is in dishonest complicity with the lawmakers, who provide her with unjustified lawful protection. Justine’s attachment to her moral virtue ends with her death, while Juliette’s corrupt mind provides her with a successful career within a discriminatory world in which violence supersedes ethics.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fostering Community Engagement 2019-05-03T17:33:05+00:00 Christopher Caulfield <p>This paper reviews and interrogates theories of climate science denialism, and climate science skepticism, from a Science and Technology Studies (STS) perspective, and proceeds as follows: (1) Compare work by Jasanoff &amp; Simmet, and by Collins, Evans &amp; Weinel, on post-truth rhetoric, theories of expertise, and managing climate science denialism. (2) Introduce particular boundary drawing norms that I view as promising in potentially persuading publics to support mitigation responses to climate change. (3) Review work by Jylhä and by MacWilliams on the politics and demographics of climate science denialists. (4) Argue that recent work by Kenner provides a model for effectively engaging local communities in climate science epistemology, which could be fruitfully extended using social science work reviewed in this paper. (5) Conclude that there is plausibly fruitful political negotiation to be done by engaging conservative people to envision desired futures and compare those visions with the emerging climate.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Revisiting Diaspora 2019-05-02T10:23:23+00:00 Tahseen Alam Choudhury <p>Multicultural Britain – when we refer to this identity of this English land, we denote something deeper and more significant than a mere study of the coexistence of communities with various cultures. The formative process of a country as multicultural consists of history, proliferation, reorientation and transformation of migrants in that country. If we look at the graph of multiculturalism in Britain, we can understand that it entails an exclusive study of diasporaisation that includes the history of diasporas in Britain, their arrival, their traumas, their struggle, their rise and transformation. Races from across the world arrived in Britain for various reasons and gave birth to a landscape of multiculturalism. Migrant communities spread all over the country form a platform of multi-cultures where they relentlessly interact with the host culture and thus begin to essay their shift to a new identity. South Asian communities in Britain have undergone these layers of evolution and metamorphosis since their arrival. Some noted writers from these communities have addressed various stages of diasporic experiences in their narratives. This essay briefly discusses this aspect of South Asian diasporic writers in Britain while examining the historical and socio-cultural contexts of diasporaisation.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##