Brolly 2018-12-30T18:32:10+00:00 Submission and general inquiries Open Journal Systems <p>Call for Papers -&nbsp;Vol. 2, No. 1 (April 2019)<br>Submission Deadline: March 25, 2019</p> The Trope of Border-Crossing Journeys 2018-12-28T03:33:29+00:00 Kamel Abdaoui <p>The present paper examines the spatial and metaphorical representation of border-crossing experience and its ethical significance in (re)shaping the hybrid subjectivity in J. M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians and Age of Iron. Along with their encounters with the racially and culturally different Other(s), many Coetzeean protagonists undergo an identity crisis that leads them “to be rid of old self” (Coetzee 2002, 111). These characters respectively undertake perilous journeys to the other’s territories for the sake of not simply escaping what they deem as dysfunctional and autochthonous forms of identity but above all-embracing a hybrid identity capable of offering an enabling space of belonging. In Waiting for the Barbarians, the Magistrate encounters a captive barbarian girl, and probably out of human compassion, he takes it upon himself to return her to her tribe across the border. After the trip, he faces disgrace and imprisonment as he openly expresses his disavowal of the colonial discourse of the Empire which denigrates and dehumanizes the so-called barbarians. In Age of Iron, Mrs Curren endures a series of violent incidents that compels her to leave the safe white suburbs and venture into Guguletu, a squatter camp for blacks, in Cape Town. Witnessing the violent and almost inhuman conditions in which the majority of black people are doomed to live, she renounces the dominant discourse of apartheid propagated by the state-monitored mass media.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Janet Much Better Than Sartre…to Study the Link between Emotion and Behaviour 2018-12-28T03:40:20+00:00 Lucien Oulahbib <p>If we had to show the actuality of Pierre Janet, we should simply begin with the phenomenon of emotion, which is perceived today much more as an expression of consciousness than only as a physiological reaction. Where does this interest come from? How is it that emotion today is rather understood as implying also meaning and, therefore, consciousness? It seems this change is the result of a better understanding of emotion as an expressive sign of something other than a purely physiological signal, especially when it comes to anything other than the view of a bear, to use the famous example of William James.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Machiavelli, the Immoralist? Think Again! 2018-12-28T03:45:12+00:00 Rocco A. Astore <p>Human nature is far from being perfect. Such a statement made Niccolò Machiavelli, the philosopher of the Renaissance known for his brand of political realism, claim that it is necessary for a ruler to keep a firm grasp on his/her populace in a way that neither favours them too much nor treats them outright oppressively. In other words, Machiavelli believes that a prudent leader is one who knows how to steer his/her population without the use of too much force while refraining from being too lackadaisical. However, by reading Machiavelli’s The Prince, one may wonder why the author portrays such a blatant support for ghastly measures like exterminating the family of the house that ruled the state one seeks to conquer, or why it is that a potentate must reside in a newly captured territory, even if the ruler has no heartfelt interests in doing so. Can we argue that because Machiavelli divorces politics from morality, as well as affirms a nasty view of humanity’s nature, an amoral, instead of an immoral interpretation of The Prince is possible? If we could justify that human nature is at least somewhat abysmal and that politics does not need to be ethical, could this help wash clean the repugnant reading that Machiavelli’s The Prince invites? Quite simply, this essay will argue that we can and that morals and politics are, in fact, divorceable.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Transitivity in Tennessee Williams’s "A Streetcar Named Desire" 2018-12-28T03:55:14+00:00 Olfa Gandouz <p>The present paper shows how the use of language reflects female dilemmas and constructs the psychological profile of female heroines in Tennessee Williams’s A Streetcar Named Desire (1947). Halliday’s transitivity system will be employed to examine female mobility in Streetcar. The focus will be on the opposition between Blanche’s refusal to adjust herself to the values of the New South and Stella’s social compromise. Blanche’s split between the values of the utopian old South and the New one deepens her physical, emotional and psychological dislocation. The paper will also delve into the attitude of female characters concerning their repression.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Angela Carter's "Nights at the Circus" 2018-12-28T10:32:37+00:00 Wiem Krifa <p>The feminist postmodern writers have always attempted to depict the struggles of underrepresented categories and reveal the injustice committed against them. In this context, Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus studies the condition of British women of the 19th century, mainly the prostitutes as an undermined category. Carter unveils the patriarchal misjudgment of prostitutes and puts forth a new view. She presents to her readers Ma Nelson’s brothel as a historical and cultural site rather than a promiscuous place. The economic necessity behind prostitution does not hinder the girls from positively engaging in political activism and contributing to rewriting the historical path of the new woman.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact of Infertility on Women’s Social Life and the Role of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) 2018-12-30T18:32:10+00:00 Adina Elena Tanase Mircea Onofriescu <p>Infertility shall be defined as failure to conceive naturally after one year of unprotected sexual relations with the same partner. Worldwide, average births per woman have been falling for at least two generations, and for the first time in more than a hundred years, the total world population growth is slowing. Europe has the lowest total fertility rate. Since 1950, the average births per woman in Europe has fallen from more than 3 to only 1.6<br>There are multiple factors that affect a couple’s chances of conceiving. Apart from changes in attitudes, affordability of child and healthcare, it is partially down to infertility.<br>Western countries have undergone variable economic expansion, marriage is no longer essential to family life, fewer people adhere to religions that encourage large families, tertiary education is available for both men and&nbsp;women and women are now more likely to be employed outside their home.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Rohingya as "Homines Sacri" 2018-12-28T10:45:00+00:00 Igor Milić <p>Since the outburst of the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar, the people of the latter have widely and quite light-heartedly been depicted as refugees and it is no coincidence that such depictions often result in simply calling for Myanmar’s responsibility to protect (R2P). At a closer look though, the sole status of refugees is debatable and there appears to be much more than the mere R2P (ICISS 2001). Actually, what is happening at the Bangladesh-Burmese border is the recurrence of Hannah Arendt’s 1943 scenario, in which it was not possible to be simply a refugee. In Agamben’s words, a refugee’s temporary state of exception has to be resolved through either nationalization or repatriation. But how come that a WWII’s allegedly resolved situation still haunts us, notwithstanding even the most thorough legislative attempts to tackle the issue? Has the Universal Declaration of Human Rights really brought any improvement of the matter and what might be its drawbacks? Is it a void tautology? This paper aims at some responses also by examining whether the state of exception is actually the possibility of each and every sovereignty (Derrida 2009).</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On the Road to Ephesus: Hardships and Despair. An Epistle from Manuel Gabalas to Philippos Logaras 2018-12-28T10:57:59+00:00 Juan Bautista Juan-López <p>The present essay provides the readers with the first English translation of an enlightening epistle belonging to a larger collection of letters written by Matthew of Ephesus in the early fourteenth century, which depicts and provides new data on the relationship between the Byzantine Empire and the Turkmen chieftains.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##