This article deals with the iconology of the Berlin Wall from its construction, in August 1961, to its fall, in November 1989. The Berlin Wall was the symbol of the Cold War. It was the most photographed and filmed motif of that period. In this regard, the West and the East gave each other a battle of images: some of them became world-famous. They included photographs that proclaimed the Wall to be an “antifascist rampart” on one side and a “Wall of Shame” on the other side. These photographs formed binary couples: freedom vs. peace, concrete and barbed wire vs. human flesh, victims vs. martyrs.