Surgical management of Rolandic area meningioma in the era of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring

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Mihaela Coșman
Ionuț Mihail Panțiru
Andrei Ionuț Cucu
Andreea Lenuța Atomei
Gabriela Florența Dumitrecu
Ion Poeată

Abstract

Introduction: The advantages and the necessity of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) in the surgery of motor area infiltrative tumours is well known. The use of this technique for Rolandic meningioma is still debatable. The absence or the loss of the cleavage plan and an infiltrative border make the dissection exceedingly difficult and increase the risk of new postoperative motor disfunction.

Materials and methods: We evaluated the impact of IOM, especially direct cortical stimulation on the degree of resection, new postoperative deficits, symptom remission and clinical-imagistic aspects at one-year follow up of 19 cases of Rolandic meningioma admitted in Third Department of Neurosurgery,” Prof. Dr N. Oblu” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Yassi, Romania, between January 2014 and July 2018.

Results: More than half of the cases (57,88%) had epileptic manifestations as the main clinical symptom with the Jacksonian seizures being on the first place (31,57%), followed by progressive paresis (26,31%) and other nonspecific symptoms. Intraparenchymal preoperative oedema was observed in 36,84% of patients. The intensity of direct cortical stimulation was between 6-13 mA (median = 9mA; mode = 12mA). Simpson degree of resection was dominated by S3– 47,36% and S4 was obtained in 15,78% of cases. Postoperative the outcome was favourable for 73,68% patients with 5,26% motor aggravation and 10,52% new deficits. At one-year follow up no imagistic recurrence was observed and the permanent motor deficit was maintained in one of the three cases (5,26%).

Conclusion: Even though meningiomas are extranevraxial lesions and those located on the convexity have a low risk of complication, the absence of a clear dissection plan between the tumour and the adjacent motor cortex is associated with a high risk for new postoperative neurological deficits. Therefore, it is important to perform cortical mapping for Rolandic meningioma, to determine the location of the primary motor area and to protect it from mechanical and vascular trauma, during tumour resection.

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How to Cite
Coșman, M. ., Panțiru, I. M., Cucu, A. I., Atomei, A. L., Dumitrecu, G. F., & Poeată, I. . (2020). Surgical management of Rolandic area meningioma in the era of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring. Romanian Neurosurgery, 34(4), 488–494. Retrieved from http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/roneurosurgery/article/view/1694
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Author Biographies

Mihaela Coșman

Department of Neurosurgery. Emergency County Hospital, Braila, Romania

Ionuț Mihail Panțiru

Department of Neurosurgery. "N. Oblu" Emergency Clinical Hospital, Iași, Romania

Andrei Ionuț Cucu

Department of Neurosurgery. "N. Oblu" Emergency Clinical Hospital, Iași, ROMANIA

Andreea Lenuța Atomei

6th-year student. Gr. T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iași, Romania

Gabriela Florența Dumitrecu

Department of Anatomopathology. "N. Oblu" Emergency Clinical Hospital, Iași, ROMANIA

Ion Poeată

Department of Neurosurgery. Gr. T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iași, Romania