Psycho-Educational Research Reviews http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr <p>PERR (starting from August 2020 - Vol. 9, No. 2) is a continuation of the journal previously known as "International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences (IJPES)".</p> <p>Call for Papers - Vol. 10, No. 1 (April 2021)<br />Submission Deadline: January 31, 2021</p> London Academic Publishing en-US Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2634-7172 A Qualitative Study on Identifying Problems in North Cyprus Education System http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1575 <p>The purpose of this study is to determine the problems experienced in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) education system, to evaluate them in the context of the opinions of the stakeholders (teachers, principals, assistant principals), and to determine the causes and possible solutions to these problems. Qualitative Research Method was utilized in this study. Maximum variation sampling method was used to determine the participants. The study group consisted of 37 people (20 teachers, 5 principals and 12 principal assistants) working in secondary schools located in Nicosia, TRNC. Semi-structured interview schedules were used as data collection tools. The findings revealed student-based, education-based and teacher-based problems in the TRNC education system. Regarding the student-based problems the participants stated that foreign students, whose number has increased in recent years, do not speak Turkish; also, the classes are crowded. For the education and teaching-related problems, teachers stated that they did not have enough time to cover the curriculum and there were insufficient examples in the textbooks. Regarding the teacher-based problems, the lack of in-service training, the insufficient number of counsellors and special education teachers were stated. Participants emphasized the importance of planning, organizing, ordering and supervision so that problems would not arise. The purpose of this study is to determine the problems experienced in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) education system, to evaluate them in the context of the opinions of the stakeholders (teachers, principals, assistant principals), and to determine the causes and possible solutions to these problems. Qualitative Research Method was utilized in this study. Maximum variation sampling method was used to determine the participants. The study group consisted of 37 people (20 teachers, 5 principals and 12 principal assistants) working in secondary schools located in Nicosia, TRNC. Semi-structured interview schedules were used as data collection tools. The findings revealed student-based, education-based and teacher-based problems in the TRNC education system. Regarding the student-based problems, the participants stated that foreign students, whose number has increased in recent years, do not speak Turkish; also, the classes are crowded. For the education and teaching-related problems, teachers stated that they did not have enough time to cover the curriculum and there were insufficient examples in the textbooks. Regarding the teacher-based problems, the lack of in-service training, the insufficient number of counsellors and special education teachers were stated. Participants emphasized the importance of planning, organizing, ordering and supervision so that problems would not arise.</p> Gaye Türker Fatoş Silman Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 7 16 An Investigation of Adolescents’ Levels of Exposure to Cyberbullying in Terms of Social Media Attitudes and Social Appearance Anxiety http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1548 <p>The aim of this study was to investigate adolescents’ levels of exposure to cyberbullying in terms of social media attitudes and social appearance anxiety. To that end, adolescents were reached on online platforms in an attempt. 292 girls and 158 boys (450 individuals in total) were included in the research. Ages of the participants ranged between 14 and 18 years, and their mean age was found to be 16.45 years (sd=1.14). Cyberbullying Scale, Social Media Attitude Scale and Social Appearance Scale for Adolescents were utilized for data collection. Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation coefficient was used for correlational analyses, while Multiple Hierarchical Regression Analysis method was utilized in the regression analysis. The research results showed significant relationships between scores of cyberbullying, social appearance anxiety, social media attitudes, and subscale scores of social media attitudes. It was concluded with the regression model that social appearance anxiety and subscales of social media attitudes explained cyberbullying by 28%. In light of these results, recommendations were provided about activities that can be conducted on adolescents’ social appearance anxiety and social media attitudes.</p> Hüseyin Buğra Karaman Coşkun Arslan Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 17 25 Usage of Universal Design for Learning in Mathematic Course http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1594 <p>The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Universal Design for Learning on students’ academic achievement and attitudes towards mathematics course, and to reveal the opinions of the students about Universal Design for Learning. In this study, the explanatory sequential mixed method was used. The participants consisted of 33 primary school students from two different 4<sup>th</sup> grade classes at a primary school. In the quantitative part of the study, non-equivalent control groups design was utilized. Data were collected through an academic achievement test and an attitude scale. The findings indicated that Universal Design for Learning had a large effect on academic achievement and attitudes towards mathematics course.&nbsp; In the qualitative part of the study, case study was used and data were collected through a focus group interview. The students participating in the interview were identified with a maximum variation sampling method. The students stated that Universal Design for Learning improved their attention, interest, cooperation, and self-regulation skills. They also stated that Universal Design for Learning supported their retention of knowledge, multiple representations of knowledge, and active participation to lesson. As a result, Universal Design for Learning is thought to be one of the effective methods in mathematic courses and its use is recommended.</p> Hamide Yavuzarslan Ali Arslan Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 26 39 A Case Study of Teaching Addition and Subtraction to a Student with Dyscalculia http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1516 <p>In this study, it is aimed to teach the addition and subtraction processes to a student who is in third grade at elementary school and who has diagnostic as dyscalculia. Before preparing individualized program, the student was given a pretest to measure his level of the subject. The instruction was carried out in a room in the school, with a time of 40 minutes per day in the form of individual instruction with the student. In addition, the study was supported by a researcher-developed scenario booklet, concrete materials, computer games, reinforcement award, and assignments. A case study from qualitative research methods has been employed in the study. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis technique. Results of the study indicate that the student achieved more than 90 % objectives on teaching basic addition and subtraction skills in the third grade. Gains have been actualized by the student with mathematic learning difficulties with over 90 % success in 63 individualized lessons. On the other hand, social validity data were collected through observation and interviews to identify strengths or weaknesses and changes occurring in the student work. As a result of the studies, it has been determined that the student gained self-confidence by enjoying his sense of accomplishment.</p> Beyza Koç Isa Korkmaz Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 40 55 Gender Roles at the Vocational High Schools in Turkey http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1515 <p>The purpose of this study is to investigate gender roles in vocational high schools. Hence, this study attempted to determine whether gender distributions in schools are influential in the gender roles of students. The sample included 423 students studying in five different types of high schools (vocational, health, multi-program, girls’ vocational, and boys’ religious). The study was designed in the survey model. Bem’s Gender Role Inventory was used to collect the data. The results of the research revealed the differences between sex and gender roles. In addition to that, there was a significant difference in the gender role ratios of male and female students, depending on the type of high school. To conclude, gender weight in the vocational school affects gender roles, primarily vocational high schools.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Asiye Toker Gokce Ergin Dikme Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 56 69 Bilingualism in Early Childhood: Code Switching http://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/perr/article/view/1620 <div> <p class="Keywords">The present study aims to how bilingual children used another language as well as their mother tongue was explained on the basis of Bernstein's code theory. For this purpose, spontaneously bilingual children were examined in their natural environment and explained according to the Berstein’s code theory. It also emphasized the importance of bilingualism at an early age. In this study, a case study as one of the qualitative research methods was used. Two bilingual children were observed and the observations obtained were noted by the researcher. The code-switching between two children was examined and compared according to the theory explained in the literature. According to the findings of the research one of the examples shows the positive effect of the use of code-switching and the other shows the negative effect. The results of the research have shown that the use of code-switching, that is, allowing language switching, has a supporting role in children's acquisition of a new language.</p> </div> Şule Kavak Ebru Deretarla Gül Copyright (c) 2020 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 70 83